Coronary artery disease occurs when there’s a lack of blood supply to your heart muscle. As more arteries become clogged due to a build-up of plaque, less and less blood flows to your heart. When there’s a restricted flow of blood to your heart muscle, you will experience signs of chest tightness and chest discomfort, known as angina. If left untreated, the more coronary arteries that become blocked as a result of coronary artery disease, the higher your risk of acute heart failure.

What is angina?

Angina develops as a result of coronary artery disease. When you experience angina, you will notice pain or discomfort in your chest. Although chest pain is common, some people may notice pain in other areas of their body such as their jaw, neck, arm or stomach.

What are the signs of angina?

Sharp, stabbing pain in your chest is the most common sign of angina. Shortness of breath is another sign of the condition.

What are some of the reasons for angina?

Angina arises from coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease occurs when your arteries become constricted, and as a result, the blood supply to your heart is affected. When there's a restriction of blood supply to your heart muscle, you will typically experience signs of angina.

What does the diagnosis for angina involve?

Your cardiologist, Dr Xana, conducts a series of diagnostic tests to confirm the cause of angina that include:

  • An echocardiogram
  • Coronary angiogram
  • Heart scan

How does my cardiologist treat angina?

Dr Xana prescribes medication and recommends healthy lifestyle changes to help manage symptoms of angina. For some cases, the cardiologist performs the following surgeries to treat coronary artery disease or angina:

  • Coronary angioplasty: Blocked coronary arteries that become clogged because of fat deposits termed “atheroma” can affect your heart health. Dr Xana performs a coronary angioplasty to regulate and improve blood circulation to your heart muscle.
  • Heart bypass surgery: If you suffer from angina or coronary artery disease, the cardiologist might also recommend heart bypass surgery. After heart bypass surgery, your quality of life will improve with no signs of angina.