Although family history remains a factor for the development of heart disease or stroke, your lifestyle also contributes to the occurrence of heart illnesses. As part of the doctor's preventative cardiology services, Dr Xana resolves heart disease, speeds up his patient’s recovery and prevents further heart-related conditions. Through the doctor’s extensive knowledge and research, he ensures the highest level of clinical care for his patients who are at risk of cardiovascular disease.

How is hypercholesterolaemia related to heart disease?

Hypercholesterolaemia occurs when there’s a build-up of cholesterol in your blood. When there’s an excessive build-up of cholesterol in your arteries, this can lead to coronary heart disease and can elevate your risk of a heart attack or stroke.

What are the signs of hypercholesterolaemia?

Usually, patients with hypercholesterolaemia appear asymptomatic. The only way to check if you have hypercholesterolaemia is through a screening test. Sometimes hypercholesterolaemia can be related to genetics, and it's for this reason, Dr Xana will first ask about your family history that includes heart disease, stroke and heart failure.

What are some of the reasons for hypercholesterolaemia?

Hypercholesterolaemia could either be a non-inherited or genetic disorder. Non-inherited hypercholesterolaemia arises from the excessive intake of food high in cholesterol and saturated fats.

What does the diagnosis of hypercholesterolaemia involve?

It’s best to treat hypercholesterolaemia in its early stages before it leads to severe heart disease or heart failure. The only way to diagnose hypercholesterolaemia is through blood tests. A blood test provides a random reading of total cholesterols which doesn’t necessarily confirm a diagnosis of hypercholesterolaemia yet. If the doctor finds the results from the blood test unusual, he conducts a fasting lipid test. For a fasting lipid test, your doctor will request that you not eat for at least 12 hours before taking the test.

How does my cardiologist treat hypercholesterolaemia?

Dr Xana will first focus on the management of your blood cholesterol levels to reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. Suppose you are diagnosed with the genetic form of hypercholesterolaemia. In that case, your cardiologist will focus on lowering your blood cholesterol levels at an early stage before your condition advances to heart disease. To manage your blood cholesterol levels, your cardiologist prescribes cholesterol reduction medication and recommends healthy lifestyle changes.

How is diabetes mellitus related to heart disease?

A person living with diabetes mellitus is susceptible to heart disease as a result of stiff arteries referred to as “atherosclerosis.” Atherosclerosis arises from an accumulation of cholesterol in your blood vessels.

How does my cardiologist treat diabetes-related heart conditions?

Dr Xana considers various treatment options for his patients living with diabetes mellitus. These treatment options include:

  • Pharmaceutical therapy: Dr Xana prescribes medication to prevent the formation of clots that lead to stroke or a heart attack.
  • Lifestyle changes: Healthy weight loss reduces high blood pressure and balances blood sugar levels.